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Fighting has broken out between Israel and Palestine in the Middle East. The past few days have seen the worst violence in years.

The United Nations has called for calm on both sides, however, at this stage both sides continue to war with each other.

Tensions in East Jerusalem have risen since the start of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan on 13 April with many clashes between Palestinian groups, Israeli groups and police. Then last week Israeli police stopped Palestinians meeting beside the Al-Aqsa mosque to celebrate the end of Ramadan.

In response rockets were fired by Palestinian militants into Israel. In retaliation Israel carried out air strikes on Gaza -which is ruled by a Palestinian militant group called Hamas.

The United Nations Security Council held an urgent meeting on Monday over the violence.

A History of Violence

The latest fighting is part of the ongoing conflict between Jews and Arabs, which has gone on for generations.

This has largely been over who the land should belong to and how it should be divided up since the creation of the modern state of Israel in 1948.

Jerusalem is often at the centre of protests because the city is very important for religious reasons, and has many of the most important sites for Judaism, Islam and Christianity.

After a war in 1948 the city of Jerusalem ended up being split. Jordan was left in control of East Jerusalem, and Israel in control of West Jerusalem.

But after another war in 1967, Israel took control of the entire city and regards the whole of Jerusalem as its capital city.

If you are interested in this topic check out this video

China has become the second country to successfully land a space rover on Mars. The rover is called Zhurong.

The six-wheeled rover landed on the planet just before midnight on Friday night. It had been carried to Mars on the Tianwen-1 spacecraft. This arrived in Mars’ orbit in February and has been orbiting the planet since then.

During that time it has been taking images of the planet’s surface to plan the best place to land.

The trip from the spacecraft to the surface of Mars took 17 minutes.

Chinese scientists will try to get at least 90 days of work out of of the rover – getting it to study the area around it using all the special tech it has.

Millions of Muslims all around the world will be celebrating Eid al-Fitr this week.

The festival is held to mark the end of Ramadan and it is one of the biggest celebrations in the Islamic year.

Eid al-Fitr literally means – ‘festival of the breaking of the fast’.

Ramadan

For Muslims the month of Ramadan is a time for spiritual reflection, prayer and doing good deeds. It is also a time to spend with family and friends.

During Ramadan, Muslims avoid eating from dawn until sunset for about a month.

Eid al-Fitr

On the day of Eid al-Fitr, Ramadan is officially over. Muslims often celebrate by praying, giving gifts and having a big feast with family and friends.

Eid celebrations begin when a new crescent moon appears in the evening sky, which means that Eid can be on a different day each year.

A boat with no captain is about to set off across the Atlantic.

The high-tech boat, called the Mayflower Autonomous Ship (MAS), will complete the 5000km journey with no crew.

The ship will be controlled by Artificial Intelligence, meaning no humans will be onboard. Its aim is to get important scientific data about the ocean.

The ship gets its name from the Mayflower, a famous historical ship which set sail 400 years ago from the UK to the US.

Measuring in at 15m long it is made from lightweight aluminum. The ship can skim over the waves at more than 10 knots.

The ship gets its power from solar-powered batteries, and a back-up diesel generator. It uses an ‘AI captain’, which is an artificial intelligence system. This uses information from the ship’s cameras and sensors to look out for any hazards and tell the ship where to go next.

One of the biggest differences between the Mayflower Autonomous Ship and other boats, is that there are no bedrooms, bathrooms or a kitchen, because there are no crew on board.

Parts from a Chinese rocket have plummeted back to Earth, landing in the Indian Ocean near the Maldives.

The parts weighed 18 tonnes which is the weight of three African bush elephants. It is one of the biggest items in years to fall back into the atmosphere without control.

The rocket re-entered the atmosphere at 3:24pm New Zealand time and at one stage it was thought the parts could land close to New Zealand.

However, space experts had predicted that the chances of anyone actually being hit by a piece of space junk were very small as so much of the Earth’s surface is covered by ocean.

The part that fell to the ground was part of a rocket, known as the Long March-5b, was used to launch the first section of China’s new space station last month.

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge have started their own YouTube channel.

The new channel will allow Prince William and Kate to post exclusive clips to their fans.

Their first video was a 25 second teaser clip which shows clips from various royal events. See it below.

They say they want the channel to be a way of connecting to people online.

They royal couple already have an Instagram and Twitter account which they use to promote their work.

However, they aren’t the first of the royals to have their own YouTube channel. The Queen launched her own channel in 2007 to promote the British Monarchy.

It was the Queen’s granddaughters Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie who explained the video sharing website to her.

Spider alert!

A new type of large spider has been discovered in Florida, USA.

Staff from Zoo Miami in Florida have made the discovery. However, it took years for experts to realise that it’s a brand new type of spider.

The new spider is called a Pine Rockland Trapdoor spider.

It has only been spotted a handful of times since the 1920s and only recently did the clever spider get its name for the habitat it lives in.

The spider was first found by a zookeeper back in 2012. However, it hasn’t been until very recently, that they realised it was a new species of spiders.

Spiders like this are some of the longest living spiders around and can live for decades in the same burrow.

The US State of Hawaii has made history by becoming the first US state to declare a climate emergency.

A ‘climate emergency’ means a situation in which urgent action is required to reduce or halt climate change and avoid potentially irreversible environmental damage resulting from it.

The law – known as SCR44 – was passed by the island’s local government on 29 April.

It recognises that climate change is a threat to humans and the environment right now.

The law aims to make better choices to help prevent climate change. Hopefully it will also help agencies and work together to help tackling the issue.

While Hawaii is the first US state to declare a climate emergency, more than 1,900 emergency declarations have been made in 34 countries. This includes the UK, Australia and New Zealand.

FACTS ABOUT HAWAII
Hawaii is located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, more than 2,000 miles away from the US mainland.

It is made up of eight major islands and a number of smaller ones.