New Zealand has been ranked second-worst place in the world to move by immigrants.
Over 12,000 people from 177 different nationalities, living in 181 countries were part of the survey.
Respondents were asked how their new homes performed on factors including quality of life, cost of living, safety, financial outlook, bureaucracy, and ease of fitting in.
In a resulting ranking of 52 countries, Aotearoa New Zealand ranked 51. The bottom-placed country was Kuwait.
The survey was carried out by InterNations which is based in Germany.
Australia was ranked ninth best overall – people arriving were far more likely to rate the economy positively, feel that they were fairly compensated for work, or think they had fair working hours.
New Zealand’s poor showing was due to its lower wages and a high cost of living.
New Zealand was the worst-performing country in the survey’s personal finance measure: 49% of respondents said their disposable household income was not enough to lead a comfortable life.
New Zealand’s strongest area was the outdoors. Its natural environment was loved by 95% of those arriving, compared with 83% globally .